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About Jabalpur

Jabalpur is a city located in the Jabalpur district of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It’s the state’s third-largest urban agglomeration and a major city. It’s also the administrative headquarters of the district.

Jabalpur has a strong historical and cultural heritage. It was earlier a center of the Kalchuri and Gond dynasties. Later, it was ruled by the Maratha and Mughal empires. During the British Raj, Jabalpur was a major cantonment town called Jabbulpore. Much later, post-independence, it received a new, simplified name, Jabalpur.

Considering the city’s history, it’s no wonder that Jabalpur still shows a strong military might. Today, it’s the army headquarters of Madhya Pradesh and the 4 surrounding states. And for that reason, the Indian Army occupies one-sixth of the city.

The city of Jabalpur also hosts several prominent institutes, such as the Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing; Jabalpur Engineering College; the Tropical Forest Research Institutes; and the Madhya Pradesh High Court.

Stats And Facts

  • The population of Jabalpur, as per the Census 2011, is 10,54,336. The urban/metropolitan population, on the other hand, is 12,67,564
  • Jabalpur’s sex ratio stands at 912 per 1000 males and child sex ratio at 903 per 1000 boys
  • The average literacy rate in Jabalpur is 89.13%. Male literacy is 93.07% and female literacy is 84.81%
  • Jabalpur Collectorate is the very first Collectorate in India to obtain the ISO-9001 certificate
  • The Jabalpur Engineering College is only the second engineering college to have been established in India
  • The primary language spoken here is Hindi
  • There are a number of historical monuments in and around the Jabalpur city that have been marked by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as possessing historical value
  • Jabalpur is of the humid subtropical climate type. Temperatures go up to 45 degrees Celsius and above in summers. The monsoon seasons witness an average rainfall of 35 inches. January is the peak winter month, with average daily temperature reaching 15 degrees Celsius

Agrarian Economy

  • Jabalpur has an agrarian type of economy because the Narmada River brings fresh water from the Vindhyachal Ranges into this region. The land of the river basin has fertile alluvial soil, apt for agricultural activity
  • Sorghum, millet, wheat, and rice are the primary agricultural yields in this region
  • Pulses, cotton, oilseeds, and sugarcane are the major commercial crops produced here
  • In addition to heightened agricultural activity, Jabalpur also has several factories involved in the manufacturing of bullets, bombs, rockets, howitzers, and trucks for the Indian Armed Forces and Police Forces
  • Jabalpur also has a thriving garments industry


  • The Jabalpur Airport lies about 20 km away from the city center. It’s also called Dumna Airport. Airlines like SpiceJet, Air India, and Venture AirConnect cater to the airport. There are daily flights to New Delhi, Bhopal, and Mumbai
  • Headquarters of the West Central Railways, Jabalpur has direct trains to several major cities, including New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, and Nagpur. Madan Mahal Station and Jabalpur Junction railway station are the two railway stations catering to the city
  • Large goods and iron ore are transported to port cities through the Kacchpura Goods Shed
  • India’s longest National Highway, NH-7 runs through the city. The NH-12 connects it to Jaipur. Through these road networks, Jabalpur is connected to Jaipur, Bhopal, Varanasi, Nagpur, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Allahabad
  • Both Madhya Pradesh Tourism (MPT) and private bus operators provide bus services to towns and cities in the neighboring states
  • Ataljabalpur City Transport Services Ltd operates buses, called a City Bus, for traveling within the city. The buses are all color-coded according to the route they traverse in the city.

The major tourist attractions in the city include Hanumantal Bada Jain Mandir, Madan Mahal, Rani Durgawati Museum, Dumna Nature Reserve Park, Dhuandhar Falls & Marble Rocks, Tilwara Ghat, etc. Some other important spots within 200 kilometres are Jageshwar Nath Shiv temple, Vishnu Varaha temple, Pench National Park, Kanha Tiger Reserve and Bandhavgarh National Park. The city also houses Wright Town Stadium and Rani Tal Stadium.
Jabalpur Engineering College was the first technical institution in central India to be established by the British. Later, with the establishment of several institutions by local citizens, this city became a centre for higher education by the end of the 19th century. Jabalpur is also dotted with a number of shopping malls and hypermarkets.

Localities in Jabalpur