Arunachal Pradesh

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Arunachal Pradesh (/ɑːrəˌnɑːəl prəˈdɛʃ/,[13] lit. ‘Land of Dawn-Lit Mountains’)[14] is a state in Northeast India. It was formed from the erstwhile North-East Frontier Agency region, and became a state on 20 February 1987. It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south. It shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, and a disputed border with China in the north at the McMahon LineItanagar is the state capital of Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh is the largest of the Seven Sister States of Northeast India by area. Arunachal Pradesh shares 1,129 km border with China‘s Tibet Autonomous Region.[15][16]

As of the 2011 Census of India, Arunachal Pradesh has a population of 1,382,611 and an area of 83,743 square kilometres (32,333 sq mi). It is an ethnically diverse state, with predominantly Monpa people in the west, Tani people in the center, Tai people in the east, and Naga people in the south of the state.

A major part of the state is claimed by both the People’s Republic of China and Republic of China (Taiwan) as part of the region of South Tibet.[17][18][19][20] During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, most of Arunachal Pradesh was temporarily captured by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.[17][18][19]



Arunachal Pradesh districts

Arunachal Pradesh comprises two divisions, namely, East and West, each headed by a divisional commissioner and twenty-five districts, each administered by a deputy commissioner.

East (HQ:Namsai)Lohit DistrictAnjaw DistrictChanglang DistrictTirap DistrictLower Dibang Valley DistrictEast Siang DistrictUpper Siang DistrictNamsai DistrictSiang DistrictLongding DistrictDibang Valley District
West (HQ:Lower Subansiri)Tawang DistrictWest Kameng DistrictEast Kameng DistrictPapum Pare DistrictKurung Kumey DistrictKra Daadi DistrictWest Siang DistrictLower Siang districtUpper Subansiri DistrictPapum Pare districtKamle districtLower Subansiri DistrictPakke-Kessang districtLepa-Rada districtShi-Yomi district

Major towns[edit]

Below are the major towns in Arunachal Pradesh.

Municipal councils[edit]

Municipal boards[edit]



List of districts is as follows:[22]

CodeDistrictHeadquartersPopulation (2011)[23]Area (km2)Density (/km2)Year
Arunachal Pradesh Tirap district locator map.svg
WKWest KamengBomdila87,0137,422121980
Arunachal Pradesh West Kameng district locator map.svg
EKEast KamengSeppa78,4134,134191980
Arunachal Pradesh East Kameng district locator map.svg
ESEast SiangPasighat99,0194,005251980
Arunachal Pradesh East Siang district locator map.svg
LBLower SubansiriZiro82,8393,460241980
Arunachal Pradesh Lower Subansiri district locator map.svg
UBUpper SubansiriDaporijo83,2057,032121980
Arunachal Pradesh Upper Subansiri district locator map.svg
WSWest SiangAlong112,2728,325121980
Arunachal Pradesh West Siang district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Lohit district locator map.svg
TATawangTawang Town49,9502,085241984
Arunachal Pradesh Tawang district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Changlang district locator map.svg
PAPapum PareYupia176,3852,875611992
Arunachal Pradesh Papum Pare district locator map.svg
USUpper SiangYingkiong33,1466,18851994
Arunachal Pradesh Upper Siang district locator map.svg
UDLower Dibang ValleyRoing53,9863,900142001
Arunachal Pradesh Lower Dibang Valley district locator map.svg
Dibang ValleyAnini7,9489,12912001
Arunachal Pradesh Dibang Valley district locator map.svg
Kurung KumeyKoloriang89,7178,818102001
Arunachal Pradesh Kurung Kumey district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Anjaw district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Longding district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Namsai district locator map.svg
Kra DaadiJamin22,2902,202102015
Arunachal Pradesh Kra Daadi district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Siang district locator map.svg
Lower SiangLikabali80,5972017
Arunachal Pradesh Lower Siang district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Kamle district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Shi-Yomi district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Lepa Rada district locator map.svg
Arunachal Pradesh Pakke-Kessang district locator map.svg


The chart below displays the trend of the gross state domestic product of Arunachal Pradesh at market prices by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in billions of Indian Rupees.[citation needed]

YearGross Domestic Product (Billion ₹)

Arunachal Pradesh’s gross state domestic product was estimated at US$706 million at current prices in 2004 and US$1.75 billion at current prices in 2012. Agriculture primarily drives the economy. Jhum, the local term used for shifting cultivation is being widely practised among the tribal groups, though owing to the gradual growth of other sources of income in the recent years, it is not being practised as prominently as it was earlier. Arunachal Pradesh has close to 61,000 km² of forests, and forest products are the next most significant sector of the economy. Among the crops grown here are rice, maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, and oilseeds. Arunachal is also ideal for horticulture and fruit orchards. Its major industries are rice mills, fruit preservation and processing units, and handloom handicrafts. Sawmills and plywood trades are prohibited under law.[64] There are many saw mills in AP.[65]

Arunachal Pradesh accounts for a large percentage share of India’s untapped hydroelectric potential. In 2008, the government of Arunachal Pradesh signed numerous memorandum of understanding with various companies planning some 42 hydroelectric schemes that will produce electricity in excess of 27,000 MW.[66] Construction of the Upper Siang Hydroelectric Project, which is expected to generate between 10,000 and 12,000 MW, began in April 2009.[67]