Off By RetailMarketing

Tiruchirappalli[b] (About this soundpronunciation ) (formerly Trichinopoly in English), also called Tiruchi or Trichy, is a major tier II city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli district. The city is credited with being the best livable city[6] and the cleanest city of Tamil Nadu, as well as the fifth safest city for women in India.[7] It is the fourth largest city as well as the fourth largest urban agglomeration in the state. Located 322 kilometres (200 mi) south of Chennai and 374 kilometres (232 mi) north of Kanyakumari, Tiruchirappalli sits almost at the geographic centre of the state. The Cauvery Delta begins 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) west of the city where the Kaveri river splits into two, forming the island of Srirangam which is now incorporated into the Tiruchirappalli City Municipal Corporation. The city occupies an area of 167.23 square kilometres (64.57 sq mi) and had a population of 916,857 in 2011.[a]

Tiruchirappalli District is one of the 38 districts, located along the Kaveri River, in Tamil Nadu, India. The headquarters of the district is the city of Tiruchirappalli, also known as Trichy.

During the British Raj, Tiruchirappalli was known as Trichinopoly, and was a district of the Madras Presidency; it was renamed upon India’s declaration of independence in 1947. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,722,290.


The city is an important educational centre in the state of Tamil Nadu, and houses nationally recognised institutions such as National Institutes of Technology (NIT), Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) Tamil Nadu National Law School Srirangam, and Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) Srirangam. Industrial units such as Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Golden Rock Railway Workshop, Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli (OFT) and High Energy Projectile Factory (HEPF) have their factories in the city. The presence of a large number of energy equipment manufacturing units in and around the city has earned it the title of “Energy Equipment and Fabrication Capital of India”. Tiruchirappalli is internationally known for a brand of cheroot known as the Trichinopoly cigar, which was exported in large quantities to the United Kingdom during the 19th centur.


According to 2011 census, Tiruchirappalli district had a population of 2,722,290 with a sex-ratio of 1,013 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 272,456 were under the age of six, constituting 139,946 males and 132,510 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 17.14% and 0.67% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 74.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The district had a total of 698,404 households. There were a total of 1,213,979 workers, comprising 161,657 cultivators, 319,720 main agricultural labourers, 25,174 in house hold industries, 575,778 other workers, 131,650 marginal workers, 9,012 marginal cultivators, 59,062 marginal agricultural labourers, 5,212 marginal workers in household industries and 58,364 other marginal workers.[5]

Tiruchirappalli district went from nine taluks to eleven taluks.[7]

  • Thuraiyur taluk
  • Manapparai taluk
  • Marungapuri taluk
  • Srirangam taluk
  • Tiruchirappalli West taluk
  • Tiruchirappalli East taluk
  • Thiruverumbur taluk
  • Lalgudi taluk
  • Manachanallur taluk
  • Musiri taluk
  • Thottiyam taluk

Major industries[edit]

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
  • High Energy Projectile Factory (HEPF)
  • Golden Rock Railway Workshop
  • Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli
  • Light and heavy engineering
  • Leather Tanneries
  • Food Processing
  • Sugar Mills
  • (Traditional) Cigar Making (village) Industries
  • Hosiery and garments (to a small extent)
  • IT/BPO
  • Manufacturing of Synthetic Stones for Jewelry


The district has a large cattle and poultry population with agriculture workers in the smaller villages like Kalpalayathanpatti.

The rivers Kaveri and Kollidam start branching out to form the Kaveri delta irrigating vast tracts of land in the district. The major crops are rice (vast tracts); sugarcane (vast tracts); banana/plantain; coconut; cotton (small tracts); betel; corn; and groundnut.

Trichirapalli district is well known for all varieties of Banana Cultivation. Banana research centre is located in Tiruchirapalli Agricultural University.

Hill Jackfruit, Cassava, mountain crops are grown in the Pachamalai hills of Trichirapalli district.